Peace Agreements Between Israel And Palestine

Posted on Sunday, April 11th, 2021 at 6:20 pm

Conflict Resolution: Relevance to the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process,” Human Rights Journal, 1:1, 71-91. In the decades that followed, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict continued to erupt in conflicts, including multi-ethnic wars, insurgencies (intifadas) and terrorist acts. The six-day war of 1967, culminating in the Israeli occupation of East Jerusalem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, was an important turning point. Subsequently, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 242 calling on Israel to withdraw from the occupied territories in order to secure and recognize borders in exchange for peace. The resolution did not provide details, but it nevertheless was an important step and became the basis for future diplomacy to end the Arab-Israeli conflict. In September 2010, the Obama administration urged a relaunch of the stalled peace process, urging stakeholders to agree on direct talks for the first time in about two years. [56] While U.S. President Barack Obama was the orchestrator of the movement, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton went through months of trouble to bring the parties to the table and helped reluctant Palestinians convince by supporting direct talks from Egypt and Jordan. [56] [57] The objective of the discussions was to create the framework for a final agreement within one year, although the overall chances of success were quite low. The talks aimed to formally end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by forming a two-state solution for the Jewish and Palestinian people, promoting the idea of eternal peace, officially ending all other earthly demands and accepting the refusal of any violent reprisals in the event of a recurrence of violence.

However, Hamas and Hezbollah have threatened to resort to violence, especially if both sides are likely to compromise to reach an agreement. As a result, the Israeli government has stated publicly that due to the attitude of Hamas and Hezbollah, there can be no peace, even if both sides sign the agreement. The United States has therefore been forced to refocus on eliminating the threat posed by the position of Hamas and Hezbollah as part of the direct progress of the talks. For its part, Israel was skeptical that a final agreement had been reached, that the situation would change, since Hamas and Hezbollah would still have support to fuel further violence. In addition, the Israeli government has opposed a possible agreement with Palestine as long as it refuses to recognize Israel as a Jewish state. Although the United States was excluded from negotiations on the 1993 Oslo peace accords – whose Palestinian leaders recognized Israel`s right to exist and Israel recognized Palestinian autonomy in Gaza and the West Bank – the parties to the dispute signed the final agreement at the White House. The United States and the Bill Clinton administration played a greater role in 1998 when they encouraged negotiations between Israel and the PLO, which culminated in Clinton`s parameters for a two-state solution.

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